https://t.co/yHW6rs920F. H�b```f``������� Ā B�@���Q�$�0�\� ��6)���'x���.,P���cVs8�����(r�A?�'�Y�Ai������&. PGA's Campaign to Address the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons and promote Adoption, Universality and Implementation of the ATT was launched in 2006 in Dakar, Senegal. The Small Arms Survey estimates that there are more than one billion firearms in the world, the vast majority of which are in civilian hands. In this respect, addressing the nexus between UNSCR 1325 (2000), UNSCR 2493 (2019), other related WPS UNSCRs and UN General Assembly Resolutions, and the proliferation, trade and use of illicit SALW, is of high importance to this campaign. Preparatory Committee for the United Nations Conference to Review Progress Made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (2012 : New York), UN Conference to Review Progress Made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (2nd : 2012 : New York), UN Conference to Review Progress Made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (3rd : 2018 : New York), Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (2001), International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (2005). PGA members have contributed to ensuring approval and passing of improved domestic firearms legislations in 2 countries. Preparatory Committee for the United Nations Conference to Review Progress Made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (2012 : New York) The PGA membership subsequently attended and several actively participated in a number of the Preparatory Committee sessions leading up to the adoption of the ATT in 2013. Given the continued and enhanced threat posed by the proliferation, transportation and use of illicit SALW, as a direct consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact in fragile contexts, PGA attaches great importance to continuing and advancing its campaign work in this critical area of international peace and security. %PDF-1.2 %���� The illicit trade in SALW is fueled in significant part by inadequate regulation of SALW, a lack of proper implementation of legislation, and/or inadequate enforcement of existing regulations and legislation. SMALL ARMS--ILLICIT TRAFFIC, UN. Despite the progress made to-date, major challenges remain. São Tomé and Príncipe now becomes the 108th State Party to the Arms Trade Treaty. PGA works with individual parliamentarians in their national contexts through country-specific strategies, leveraging that capacity with international networking to facilitate connections among parliamentarians and build bridges with civil society, domestic and international policy-makers, and other stakeholders. PGA members have an unmatched record of contributing to advancing the ATT ratification/accession process in 49 of the 106 UN Member States that have ratified it to date. The illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects : draft resolution / Australia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Republic of Korea, South Africa, Spain, Swaziland, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America and Uruguay, A/67/251 94bb The illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects. The Holy See is participating with a Delegation, headed by Mons. United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (July 2001) Statement by H.E. There are about 21 firearms for every 100 residents in the United States, 53 in Yemen, 39 … This campaign is grounded in recognition of the clear linkages between SALW regulation, peace and security, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly as it pertains to SDG 16, which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development.” More specifically, Target 16.4 and Indicator 16.4.2, which address the reduction of arms flow and the tracing or establishment of arms’ illicit origins respectively, are of central relevance to the work of this campaign. Secondly, there are notable policy challenges, as implementation and enforcement capacities vary greatly by region and country, making it more complex to generate solutions. PGA attaches great importance to encouraging submission of mandatory national reports highlighting steps taken to improve national small arms laws, import/export controls, stockpile management, engagement in cooperation and assistance. PGA also spearheaded the signature of the Global Parliamentary Declaration in support of the adoption of the ATT by over 2,000 MPs from 110 countries worldwide in 2012 and 2013. To achieve its goal, the campaign mobilizes PGA and non-PGA Members of Parliament (MPs) worldwide with a demonstrated track record of success in promoting signature and ratification of international treaties to engage in promoting: PGA attaches high priority to the incorporation of gender considerations into the activities and outputs of its campaigns. Ratification of/ accession to and implementation. As such, PGA makes concerted efforts to ensure 50% of MPs targeted by this campaign are female Parliamentarians. The issue of inadequate capacity in national institutions such as police prosecution offices and customs. Some key examples include: PGA members worldwide have promoted the adoption of the ECOWAS SALW Convention and its ratification in 3 countries. PGA members have also advocated for improved compliance with The Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA) including meeting national reporting requirements thereunder. The potential use of weaponized artificial intelligence in this instance under the guise of responding to increased citizen vulnerability, has also been posed by experts on humanitarian disarmament and the arms trade. Civilian population suffers the consequence of illicit trade in light weapons and small arms. Celestino Migliore, Under-Secretary for the Relations with States of the Secretariat of State. UN. Furthermore, other notable consequences that have arisen, and will continue to arise as a result of this public health crisis, include authoritarian governments utilizing the situation as a means of power grabbing and stifling opposition, and potentially relying upon far-reaching tools to exercise control over citizen populations.

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